Found 10 results written by: Manikarnika Dutta
The London Sailors’ Home was the first short-stay, purpose-built home for sailors, and it set the model for scores of others that followed in British and colonial port cities.
The Sailors' Home was established in 1837 to protect British seamen from crimping and local drinks that the colonial authorities considered pernicious for European constitution, and to 'civilise' them so that they would not destablise the ideology of white racial superiority that underpinned British colonialism.
During the 1800s, British sailors, along with many European sailors from Scandinavia and the Baltic, were essential to Britain's marine industries. Despite facing dangerous working conditions, language and cultural challenges, these seafarers significantly contributed to Britain's maritime dominance in a time of booming coastal and global trade and exploration.
Liverpool was the largest and most sophisticated of all Britain’s port cities. It incorporated numerous bethels, missions, and seamen’s homes serving the immense marine workforce of the Mersey.
Hull is a significant port city which houses the archives of the Mission to Seafarers as well as local marine charities including the Hull Indian Seamen’s Home and floating chapels.
The Liverpool Seamen’s Orphan Institute was established in August 1869 in a temporary accommodation in Duke Street. Supported by leading shipowners and philanthropists it provided protection and education for the mercantile marine’s orphaned children.
Working seamen lived dangerous and peripatetic lives which left families and dependants unprotected. Orphanages were created to provide opportunities for those left behind.
Sailors' homes were one solution to the problem of destitution and exploitative or non-existent accommodation in ports. Besides bed and board, they provided facilites such as postage, banking, libraries, employment and religious services, as well as emergency shelter for shipwrecked mariners.
The Liverpool Sailors' Home operated in Canning Place from December 1850. This establishment provided board and food, and carried out additional responsibilities such as medical assistance, religious instruction, and moral, intellectual and professional improvement opportunities.
The prevalence of drunken seamen had far-reaching social consequences in nineteenth-century Liverpool. The annual reports of the Sailors Home state many seamen signed the temperance pledge but the figure never crossed 20 percent.